tcpflow 命令详解

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tcpflow 命令安装:

-bash/zsh: tcpflow: command not found

apt-get install tcpflow

apt-get install tcpflow

#CentOS Linux
yum install tcpflow

apk add tcpflow

#Arch Linux
pacman -S tcpflow

#Kali Linux
apt-get install tcpflow

dnf install tcpflow

brew install tcpflow

apt-get install tcpflow


docker run tcpflow

tcpflow 命令补充说明:

tcpflow 是一个程序,它捕获作为 TCP 连接(流)的一部分传输的数据,并以便于协议分析和调试的方式存储数据。 每个 TCP 流都存储在自己的文件中。 因此,典型的 TCP 流将存储在两个文件中,每个方向一个文件。 tcpflow 还可以处理存储的 tcpdump 数据包流。

tcpflow 将所有捕获的数据存储在具有以下形式的文件中:


其中: timestamp 是看到第一个数据包的时间的可选时间戳 T 是一个分隔符,指示提供了时间戳 sourceip 是源 IP 地址,sourceport 是源端口,destip 是目标 IP 地址,destport 是目标端口,VLAN 是 VLAN 端口,c 是一个分隔符,表示存在多个连接 NNNN 是一个连接计数器,当有多个连接具有相同的 [time]/sourceip/sourceport/destip/destport 组合时。


tcpflow 命令语法:

tcpdump [-aAbdDefhHIJKlLnNOpqStuUvxX#] [ -B size ] [ -c count ]
                [ -C file_size ] [ -E algo:secret ] [ -F file ] [ -G seconds ]
                [ -i interface ] [ -j tstamptype ] [ -M secret ] [ --number ]
                [ -Q|-P in|out|inout ]
                [ -r file ] [ -s snaplen ] [ --time-stamp-precision precision ]
                [ --immediate-mode ] [ -T type ] [ --version ] [ -V file ]
                [ -w file ] [ -W filecount ] [ -y datalinktype ] [ -z postrotate-command ]
                [ -Z user ] [ expression ]

tcpdump 命令选项:

       -A     Print each packet (minus its link level header) in ASCII.  Handy for capturing web pages.

       -b     Print the AS number in BGP packets in ASDOT notation rather than ASPLAIN notation.

       -B buffer_size
              Set the operating system capture buffer size to buffer_size, in units of KiB (1024 bytes).

       -c count
              Exit after receiving count packets.

       -C file_size
              Before  writing  a  raw  packet to a savefile, check whether the file is currently larger than file_size and, if so, close the current savefile and open a new one.  Savefiles after the
              first savefile will have the name specified with the -w flag, with a number after it, starting at 1 and continuing upward.  The units of file_size  are  millions  of  bytes  (1,000,000
              bytes, not 1,048,576 bytes).

       -d     Dump the compiled packet-matching code in a human readable form to standard output and stop.

       -dd    Dump packet-matching code as a C program fragment.

       -ddd   Dump packet-matching code as decimal numbers (preceded with a count).

              Print  the  list  of the network interfaces available on the system and on which tcpdump can capture packets.  For each network interface, a number and an interface name, possibly fol‐
              lowed by a text description of the interface, is printed.  The interface name or the number can be supplied to the -i flag to specify an interface on which to capture.

              This can be useful on systems that don't have a command to list them (e.g., Windows systems, or UNIX systems lacking ifconfig -a); the number can be useful on Windows  2000  and  later
              systems, where the interface name is a somewhat complex string.

              The -D flag will not be supported if tcpdump was built with an older version of libpcap that lacks the pcap_findalldevs() function.

       -e     Print the link-level header on each dump line.  This can be used, for example, to print MAC layer addresses for protocols such as Ethernet and IEEE 802.11.

       -E     Use  spi@ipaddr  algo:secret  for decrypting IPsec ESP packets that are addressed to addr and contain Security Parameter Index value spi. This combination may be repeated with comma or
              newline separation.

              Note that setting the secret for IPv4 ESP packets is supported at this time.

              Algorithms may be des-cbc, 3des-cbc, blowfish-cbc, rc3-cbc, cast128-cbc, or none.  The default is des-cbc.  The ability to decrypt packets is only present if tcpdump was compiled  with
              cryptography enabled.

              secret is the ASCII text for ESP secret key.  If preceded by 0x, then a hex value will be read.

              The  option  assumes  RFC2406 ESP, not RFC1827 ESP.  The option is only for debugging purposes, and the use of this option with a true `secret' key is discouraged.  By presenting IPsec
              secret key onto command line you make it visible to others, via ps(1) and other occasions.

              In addition to the above syntax, the syntax file name may be used to have tcpdump read the provided file in. The file is opened upon receiving the first ESP packet, so any special per‐
              missions that tcpdump may have been given should already have been given up.

       -f     Print `foreign' IPv4 addresses numerically rather than symbolically (this option is intended to get around serious brain damage in Sun's NIS server — usually it hangs forever translat‐
              ing non-local internet numbers).

              The test for `foreign' IPv4 addresses is done using the IPv4 address and netmask of the interface on which capture is being done.  If that address or netmask are not available,  avail‐
              able, either because the interface on which capture is being done has no address or netmask or because the capture is being done on the Linux "any" interface, which can capture on more
              than one interface, this option will not work correctly.

       -F file
              Use file as input for the filter expression.  An additional expression given on the command line is ignored.

       -G rotate_seconds
              If specified, rotates the dump file specified with the -w option every rotate_seconds seconds.  Savefiles will have the name specified by -w which  should  include  a  time  format  as
              defined by strftime(3).  If no time format is specified, each new file will overwrite the previous.

              If used in conjunction with the -C option, filenames will take the form of `file'.

       --help Print the tcpdump and libpcap version strings, print a usage message, and exit.

              Print the tcpdump and libpcap version strings and exit.

       -H     Attempt to detect 802.11s draft mesh headers.

       -i interface
              Listen  on  interface.   If unspecified, tcpdump searches the system interface list for the lowest numbered, configured up interface (excluding loopback), which may turn out to be, for
              example, ``eth0''.

              On Linux systems with 2.2 or later kernels, an interface argument of ``any'' can be used to capture packets from all interfaces.  Note that captures on the ``any'' device will  not  be
              done in promiscuous mode.

              If the -D flag is supported, an interface number as printed by that flag can be used as the interface argument, if no interface on the system has that number as a name.

              Put the interface in "monitor mode"; this is supported only on IEEE 802.11 Wi-Fi interfaces, and supported only on some operating systems.

              Note that in monitor mode the adapter might disassociate from the network with which it's associated, so that you will not be able to use any wireless networks with that adapter.  This
              could prevent accessing files on a network server, or resolving host names or network addresses, if you are capturing in monitor mode and are not  connected  to  another  network  with
              another adapter.

              This  flag  will  affect the output of the -L flag.  If -I isn't specified, only those link-layer types available when not in monitor mode will be shown; if -I is specified, only those
              link-layer types available when in monitor mode will be shown.

              Capture in "immediate mode".  In this mode, packets are delivered to tcpdump as soon as they arrive, rather than being buffered for efficiency.  This is the default when printing pack‐
              ets rather than saving packets to a ``savefile'' if the packets are being printed to a terminal rather than to a file or pipe.

       -j tstamp_type
              Set the time stamp type for the capture to tstamp_type.  The names to use for the time stamp types are given in pcap-tstamp(7); not all the types listed there will necessarily be valid
              for any given interface.

              List the supported time stamp types for the interface and exit.  If the time stamp type cannot be set for the interface, no time stamp types are listed.

              When capturing, set the time stamp precision for the capture to tstamp_precision.  Note that availability of high precision time stamps (nanoseconds) and their actual accuracy is plat‐
              form  and hardware dependent.  Also note that when writing captures made with nanosecond accuracy to a savefile, the time stamps are written with nanosecond resolution, and the file is
              written with a different magic number, to indicate that the time stamps are in seconds and nanoseconds; not all programs that read pcap savefiles will be able to read those captures.

       When reading a savefile, convert time stamps to the precision specified by timestamp_precision, and display them with that resolution.  If the precision specified is less than  the  precision
       of time stamps in the file, the conversion will lose precision.

       The supported values for timestamp_precision are micro for microsecond resolution and nano for nanosecond resolution.  The default is microsecond resolution.

              Don't attempt to verify IP, TCP, or UDP checksums.  This is useful for interfaces that perform some or all of those checksum calculation in hardware; otherwise, all outgoing TCP check‐
              sums will be flagged as bad.

       -l     Make stdout line buffered.  Useful if you want to see the data while capturing it.  E.g.,

                     tcpdump -l | tee dat


                     tcpdump -l > dat & tail -f dat

              Note that on Windows,``line buffered'' means ``unbuffered'', so that WinDump will write each character individually if -l is specified.

              -U is similar to -l in its behavior, but it will cause output to be ``packet-buffered'', so that the output is written to stdout at the end of each packet rather than  at  the  end  of
              each line; this is buffered on all platforms, including Windows.

              List the known data link types for the interface, in the specified mode, and exit.  The list of known data link types may be dependent on the specified mode; for example, on some plat‐
              forms, a Wi-Fi interface might support one set of data link types when not in monitor mode (for example, it might support only fake Ethernet headers, or might  support  802.11  headers
              but  not  support  802.11  headers with radio information) and another set of data link types when in monitor mode (for example, it might support 802.11 headers, or 802.11 headers with
              radio information, only in monitor mode).

       -m module
              Load SMI MIB module definitions from file module.  This option can be used several times to load several MIB modules into tcpdump.

       -M secret
              Use secret as a shared secret for validating the digests found in TCP segments with the TCP-MD5 option (RFC 2385), if present.

       -n     Don't convert host addresses to names.  This can be used to avoid DNS lookups.

       -nn    Don't convert protocol and port numbers etc. to names either.

       -N     Don't print domain name qualification of host names.  E.g., if you give this flag then tcpdump will print ``nic'' instead of ``''.

              Print an optional packet number at the beginning of the line.

              Do not run the packet-matching code optimizer.  This is useful only if you suspect a bug in the optimizer.

              Don't put the interface into promiscuous mode.  Note that the interface might be in promiscuous mode for some other reason; hence, `-p' cannot be used as  an  abbreviation  for  `ether
              host {local-hw-addr} or ether broadcast'.

       -Q|-P direction
              Choose send/receive direction direction for which packets should be captured. Possible values are `in', `out' and `inout'. Not available on all platforms.

       -q     Quick (quiet?) output.  Print less protocol information so output lines are shorter.

       -r file
              Read packets from file (which was created with the -w option or by other tools that write pcap or pcap-ng files).  Standard input is used if file is ``-''.

              Print absolute, rather than relative, TCP sequence numbers.

       -s snaplen
              Snarf  snaplen  bytes  of data from each packet rather than the default of 262144 bytes.  Packets truncated because of a limited snapshot are indicated in the output with ``[|proto]'',
              where proto is the name of the protocol level at which the truncation has occurred.  Note that taking larger snapshots both increases the amount of time it  takes  to  process  packets
              and, effectively, decreases the amount of packet buffering.  This may cause packets to be lost.  You should limit snaplen to the smallest number that will capture the protocol informa‐
              tion you're interested in.  Setting snaplen to 0 sets it to the default of 262144, for backwards compatibility with recent older versions of tcpdump.

       -T type
              Force packets selected by "expression" to be interpreted the specified type.  Currently known types are aodv (Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector protocol), carp  (Common  Address  Redun‐
              dancy  Protocol), cnfp (Cisco NetFlow protocol), lmp (Link Management Protocol), pgm (Pragmatic General Multicast), pgm_zmtp1 (ZMTP/1.0 inside PGM/EPGM), resp (REdis Serialization Pro‐
              tocol), radius (RADIUS), rpc (Remote Procedure Call), rtp (Real-Time Applications protocol), rtcp (Real-Time Applications control protocol), snmp (Simple Network Management  Protocol),
              tftp  (Trivial  File  Transfer  Protocol), vat (Visual Audio Tool), wb (distributed White Board), zmtp1 (ZeroMQ Message Transport Protocol 1.0) and vxlan (Virtual eXtensible Local Area

              Note that the pgm type above affects UDP interpretation only, the native PGM is always recognised as IP protocol  113  regardless.  UDP-encapsulated  PGM  is  often  called  "EPGM"  or

              Note  that  the  pgm_zmtp1  type  above affects interpretation of both native PGM and UDP at once. During the native PGM decoding the application data of an ODATA/RDATA packet would be
              decoded as a ZeroMQ datagram with ZMTP/1.0 frames.  During the UDP decoding in addition to that any UDP packet would be treated as an encapsulated PGM packet.

       -t     Don't print a timestamp on each dump line.

       -tt    Print the timestamp, as seconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00, UTC, and fractions of a second since that time, on each dump line.

       -ttt   Print a delta (micro-second resolution) between current and previous line on each dump line.

       -tttt  Print a timestamp, as hours, minutes, seconds, and fractions of a second since midnight, preceded by the date, on each dump line.

       -ttttt Print a delta (micro-second resolution) between current and first line on each dump line.

       -u     Print undecoded NFS handles.

              If the -w option is not specified, make the printed packet output ``packet-buffered''; i.e., as the description of the contents of each packet is printed, it will  be  written  to  the
              standard output, rather than, when not writing to a terminal, being written only when the output buffer fills.

              If  the  -w  option  is specified, make the saved raw packet output ``packet-buffered''; i.e., as each packet is saved, it will be written to the output file, rather than being written
              only when the output buffer fills.

              The -U flag will not be supported if tcpdump was built with an older version of libpcap that lacks the pcap_dump_flush() function.

       -v     When parsing and printing, produce (slightly more) verbose output.  For example, the time to live, identification, total length and options in an IP packet are printed.   Also  enables
              additional packet integrity checks such as verifying the IP and ICMP header checksum.

              When writing to a file with the -w option, report, every 10 seconds, the number of packets captured.

       -vv    Even more verbose output.  For example, additional fields are printed from NFS reply packets, and SMB packets are fully decoded.

       -vvv   Even more verbose output.  For example, telnet SB ... SE options are printed in full.  With -X Telnet options are printed in hex as well.

       -V file
              Read a list of filenames from file. Standard input is used if file is ``-''.

       -w file
              Write the raw packets to file rather than parsing and printing them out.  They can later be printed with the -r option.  Standard output is used if file is ``-''.

              This  output will be buffered if written to a file or pipe, so a program reading from the file or pipe may not see packets for an arbitrary amount of time after they are received.  Use
              the -U flag to cause packets to be written as soon as they are received.

              The MIME type application/vnd.tcpdump.pcap has been registered with IANA for pcap files. The filename extension .pcap appears to be the most commonly used along  with  .cap  and  .dmp.
              Tcpdump  itself  doesn't check the extension when reading capture files and doesn't add an extension when writing them (it uses magic numbers in the file header instead). However, many
              operating systems and applications will use the extension if it is present and adding one (e.g. .pcap) is recommended.

              See pcap-savefile(5) for a description of the file format.

       -W     Used in conjunction with the -C option, this will limit the number of files created to the specified number, and begin overwriting files from the beginning, thus creating a  'rotating'
              buffer.  In addition, it will name the files with enough leading 0s to support the maximum number of files, allowing them to sort correctly.

              Used  in  conjunction with the -G option, this will limit the number of rotated dump files that get created, exiting with status 0 when reaching the limit. If used with -C as well, the
              behavior will result in cyclical files per timeslice.

       -x     When parsing and printing, in addition to printing the headers of each packet, print the data of each packet (minus its link level header) in hex.  The smaller of the entire packet  or
              snaplen  bytes  will  be  printed.   Note that this is the entire link-layer packet, so for link layers that pad (e.g. Ethernet), the padding bytes will also be printed when the higher
              layer packet is shorter than the required padding.

       -xx    When parsing and printing, in addition to printing the headers of each packet, print the data of each packet, including its link level header, in hex.

       -X     When parsing and printing, in addition to printing the headers of each packet, print the data of each packet (minus its link level header) in hex and ASCII.  This  is  very  handy  for
              analysing new protocols.

       -XX    When parsing and printing, in addition to printing the headers of each packet, print the data of each packet, including its link level header, in hex and ASCII.

       -y datalinktype
              Set the data link type to use while capturing packets to datalinktype.

       -z postrotate-command
              Used in conjunction with the -C or -G options, this will make tcpdump run " postrotate-command file " where file is the savefile being closed after each rotation. For example, specify‐
              ing -z gzip or -z bzip2 will compress each savefile using gzip or bzip2.

              Note that tcpdump will run the command in parallel to the capture, using the lowest priority so that this doesn't disturb the capture process.

              And in case you would like to use a command that itself takes flags or different arguments, you can always write a shell script that will take the savefile name as the  only  argument,
              make the flags & arguments arrangements and execute the command that you want.

       -Z user
              If  tcpdump is running as root, after opening the capture device or input savefile, but before opening any savefiles for output, change the user ID to user and the group ID to the pri‐
              mary group of user.

              This behavior can also be enabled by default at compile time.

              selects which packets will be dumped.  If no expression is given, all packets on the net will be dumped.  Otherwise, only packets for which expression is `true' will be dumped.

              For the expression syntax, see pcap-filter(7).

              The expression argument can be passed to tcpdump as either a single Shell argument, or as multiple Shell arguments, whichever is more convenient.  Generally, if the expression contains
              Shell  metacharacters, such as backslashes used to escape protocol names, it is easier to pass it as a single, quoted argument rather than to escape the Shell metacharacters.  Multiple
              arguments are concatenated with spaces before being parsed.

tcpflow 命令实例:

tcpflow 显示给定接口和端口上的所有数据:

tcpflow -c -i eth0 port 80

tcpflow 命令扩展阅读:

tcpflow 命令评论